ILS integrated logistics support, supporting the introduction into service and through life needs of materiel.

Sep 072016

Australian ILS Industry Support

Australia has a number of well qualified companies able to provide assistance to Manufacturers and Suppliers who have contracted to supply equipment to the Australian Defence Organisation (ADO)- Army, Navy, Air Force.
The support data and documentation required with the supplies is often under-estimated, and many Manufacturers and Suppliers of commercial equipment lack the experienced personnel to create the data or documentation in the appropriate format, which is where local contractors or consultants have their place.

Australian ILS Industry Support companies available to assist suppliers with :

Defence contract Integrated Logistics Support Deliverables:

Logistic Engineering Services



  • Engineering Analysis for Maintenance Requirements
  • Maintenance Engineering Analysis (MEA) / Maintenance Requirements Determination (MRD) for new and existing capital equipment;
  • Failure Modes Effects Analysis (FMEA);
  • Failure Modes, Effects and Criticality Analysis (FMECA);
  • Reliability Centred Maintenance (RCM);
  • Life Cycle Cost Analysis (LCCA); and
  • Investigation and validation of Engineering Change Proposals.
  • Supply Support
  • Sparing Analysis inclusive of Recommended Provisioning Lists (RPL) / Manufacturers Recommended Parts Lists (MRSL);
  • Codification Data (CDATA) Packs;
  • Complete Equipment Schedule Lists (CESL);
  • Training Equipment Management List (TEML);
  • Australian Defence Aviation Authorised Spares Sets (ADAASS);  and
  • Packaging, Handling, Storage and Transportation (PHS&T).
  • Technical Authoring
  • Development of management plans;
  • Repair and Maintenance manuals and illustrated parts manuals;
  • Development of Australian Defence specific documentation and manuals such as:
  • Electrical and Mechanical Engineering Instructions (EMEIs);
  • User Handbooks (UHBs);
  • Australian Book of Reference (ABR), and Australian Air Publications (AAP);
  • Parts, system and repair manuals; and
  • Repair Parts Identification Lists (RPILs) and associated Repair Parts Scales (RPSs);
  • Company Operating Procedures and Standing Instructions; and
  • Investigation of maintenance and repair requirements and to document the maintenance requirements of an item or equipment throughout its service life.
  • Training Development and Delivery
  • Conduct of Training Needs Analysis;
  • Development of Training Recommendation Reports;
  • Development of Training Management Plans;
  • Development of Training Materials; and
  • Delivery of Training courses.
  • Tendering and Bid Support
  • Review and enhance tender submissions.
  • Develop and author management, quality and the range of ILS plans /sub-program plans as part of major tender submissions for prime Defence contractors and Small to Medium Enterprises (SME) and commercial industry tendering to government projects; and
  • Review and provide advice on tender structure and content for Defence and commercial industry;
  • Project Support Services
  • Develop or Review ILS plans and reports;
  • Maintenance Program Optimisation;
  • Configuration Management;
  • Database Administration; and
  • Independent Audits.

LES capabilities and Experience

Australian ILS Industry Support companies available to assist suppliers with:

Defence contract Integrated Logistics Support Training

Logistic Engineering Services – ILS Training


Australian ILS Industry Support companies available to assist suppliers with:

Defence contract Maintenance Requirements Determination (MRD) software :

Logistic Engineering Services eMRD


Australian ILS Industry Support companies available to assist suppliers with

Defence contract LSAR comparison software :

Logistic Engineering Services eMRDCompanion


Australian ILS Industry Support companies available to assist suppliers with

Defence contract Logistic Support Analysis Records (LSAR) software:

Logistic Engineering Services eLSA


Australian ILS Industry Support companies available to assist suppliers with

Defence contract Level of Repair Analysis (LORA) software:

Logistic Engineering Services eLORA

ILS Software Users and Projects

Australian ILS Industry Support companies available to assist suppliers with

Defence contract Australian Local Content:

Logistic Engineering Services

Defence contract Project Management Support


Sep 012016

Integrated Logistics Support Services

The ten ILS elements

The ten ILS elements


The ten areas of ILS:

Why is ILS Important to Defence ?
For Defence, it’s ensuring that:

  •  we provide the optimum Mission System to the user
  •  it’s provided to:
    •  the right person
    •  at the right place
    •  at the right time
  •  deliver it in best possible condition with the ability to fulfil its designed mission role under the stated operational conditions as per it’s mission profile.

Why is ILS Important to the Contractor / Service Provider ?
Knowing and understanding the ILS requirements permits the contractor to deliver what Defence needs to:

  •  accurately acquire and sustain the Materiel System through life at the greatest Operational Availability (Ao) for the best Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) to Defence and the Tax payer.

To do this in a cost effective manner, the contractor must be able to deliver equipment and supporting documentation:

  •  without duplication of effort or continuous rework
  •  delivering best ILS practice and product to Defence thereby enabling them to be viewed by Defence as a preferred tenderer for future work (Scorecard), and
  •  be internationally competitive in the Defence arena

The most attractive part for the contractors:

  •  Sustainment activities or Through Life Support (TLS) contracts for Defence materiel are often more lucrative than the supply of the original equipment
  •  TLS of the Mission System and many of the Support Systems are now being managed and maintained by the OEM.
  •  Generally, 20% to 30% of funds are spent in Acquisition and 70% to 80% spent in Sustainment.

How do you do ILS ?
You don’t “DO” ILS; you perform Logistic Support Analysis (LSA) tasks that allows you to achieve the ILS outcomes.
Those LSA Disciplines include:

  •  Reliability, Availability and Maintainability (RAM)
  •  Failure Modes, Effects & Criticality Analysis (FMECA) (done during design)
  •  Failure Modes & Effects Analysis (FMEA) (done after design to determine maintenance tasks)
  •  Reliability Centred Maintenance (RCM)
  •  Level Of Repair Analysis (LORA)
  •  Verification and Validation (V&V)
  •  Life Cycle Costing Analysis (LCCA)

So what is Logistics Support Analysis (LSA)?

LSA is a selected group of analytical techniques.
It is conducted continually throughout the Materiel Life Cycle (MLC).
It provides the data to support improvements to the efficiency of the Materiel System.
All data from the analysis is stored in the Logistic Support Analysis Record (LSAR).

Sep 012016

Engineering Support
Engineering Support includes all considerations necessary to ensure design integrity throughout the life cycle of the materiel system.
In Service Engineering Support includes;

  •  Design integrity and management
  •  Base lining (Configuration Management CM Tasks)
  •  Engineering Change control (ECP/ECO), Modifications
  •  Continuous Improvement
  •  Upgrade / Mid life review
  •  Parts reviews and Tech Substitutions

Australian Engineering Support


Sep 012016

Maintenance Support
Maintenance support includes all the considerations necessary to ensure:

  • an optimally maintainable materiel system;
  • with a defined maintenance support structure.

In Service Maintenance Support includes:

  • Processes / Procedures
  • Maintenance data collection / management
  • Training for the Personnel
  • Manuals
  • Tools and support equipment (calibration)
  •  Personnel to do the maintenance
Sep 012016

Maintenance Requirements Determination or MRD is a fundamental part of Integrated Logistic Support.

MRD is the umbrella term for: Failure Modes Effects and Criticality Analysis (FMECA), Reliability Centred Maintenance (RCM), Maintenance Task Analysis (MTA) and Level of Repair Analysis (LORA).
FMEA, RCM, and MTA are also referred to as Maintenance Engineering Analysis (MEA).


Maintenance Requirements Determination Software: eMRD

Sep 012016

Corrective Maintenance is the repair of a piece of equipment to return it to a serviceable condition.
It is usually:

  • unplanned and
  • performed upon the failure of the equipment.

Corrective maintenance does not include:

  • planned maintenance such as oil or filter changes,
  • hour/ time based maintenance or overhauls.


Sep 012016

Preventive Maintenance is the servicing of a piece of equipment to maintain it in an operable condition that allows it to meet the specifications of its operational requirements.

It is usually:

  • planned and
  • performed before the failure of the equipment,
  • performed as insurance against equipment failure.

Preventive maintenance includes:

  • planned maintenance such as oil or filter changes,
  • hour/ time (calendar days / months/ years) based maintenance or overhauls.
    • eg monthly, 3 monthly, 6 monthly, 12 monthly, 250 hrs, 500 hrs, 2000 hrs, 6000 hrs

It is important to understand that the intention of preventive maintenance is to prolong the operating life of the equipment by replacing components before they fail, however preventive maintenance cannot stop failure  completely.


Preventive Maintenance Video

Design For Maintainability - NASA YouTube play
Sep 012016

Supply Support

Supply support includes all the considerations necessary to ensure an optimally supportable materiel system with a defined supply support structure.

In Service Supply support includes:

  •  Supply system structure
  •  Spares pipe line management
  •  Consumables management
  •  Rotables management
  •  Supply venue/s
  •  Supply stocking rate and turn over
  •  Long lead time item management

Repair Parts and Consumables example.
The support concept involves the Contractor providing facilities for the supply of spare parts to maintain the vehicle for a period of fifteen years in
accordance the conditions of contract, as well as the acquisition of three years worth of initial spare parts including maintenance supply items and consumables.
These parts will be issued to the Regional unit to support the Capability during exercises and operations.
Maintenance Supply Item (MSI). MSI class items will be included in the spare parts acquisition.
Spare parts items fall into the following categories, subject to the recommendations made by the Contractor:

  • major assemblies (rotables or repairable items);
  • consumables; and
  • servicing items.


Australian Supply Chain Support

ANZ Supplychain Solutions

Tracc Solution

Sep 012016

The purpose of a Logistic Support Analysis Record (LSAR) is to provide a consistent information source to support the conduct of Logistics Support Analysis (LSA) and related analyses, and enable the development and preparation ILS data products.
An LSAR applied effectively support analysis and achieves the fourth goal of LSA for both project and In- service use, to: “Develop and prepare attendant data products from a consistent information source.”
The purpose of this standard is to define the requirements for the application of a Logistic Support Analysis Record for and by the Organisation.
Detail record Requirements
LSA documentation, including LSAR data, is generated as a result of the analysis specified for the LSA Program. As such, the LSAR shall serve as the main Integrated Logistic Support (ILS) technical database applicable to all materiel acquisition programs to satisfy the support acquisition.

Annex A of DEF(AUST)5692 establishes the Logistic Support Analysis Record (LSAR) relational table titles and data content and format to be produced by an LSAR relational Automated Data Processing (ADP) system:

  •  It defines all the relational tables that comprise an LSAR database.
  •  In a relational database system, information is organised in the form of tables.
  •  Categories or columns of information are listed across the top of each table.
  •  Individual sets of information are listed as rows.
  •  LSAR relational tables are two-dimensional matrices of related data.
  •  Tables are defined in terms of columns (or data element definitions (DED)) and rows (or multiple sets of the columnar data elements).
  •  Information in this format can be easily visualised and understood.

DEF(AUST) 5692
Logistic Support Analysis (LSA) is a selected application of system engineering techniques, originally developed by the United States Department of Defence (US DOD) to provide effective and consistent analytical processes for identifying and implementing supportability requirements for the development and acquisition of major capital equipment. LSA, as applied in Defence expands LSA as a life Cycle Discipline to enable the benefits of consistent analytical techniques to be readily applied to major minor projects, modifications, In- service analysis for logistic optimisation, and disposal.
A key enabler to the success of the LSA Program, and the fourth goal of LSA, is to use a consistent data source for analysis to ensure an integrated solution between LSA, Integrated Logistic Support and related disciplines. The LSAR was developed to fulfil this requirement. Defence has added functionality to the LSAR developed by the US DoD and defined in MIL-STD- 1388-2B.
DEF(AUST)5692 provides the definition of data elements and structure of the LSAR to enable the collection, storage, retrieval and review of the LSAR data.
The DEF(AUST)5692 is structured as follows:
· Chapter 1: LSAR Program Requirements
· Chapter 2: LSAR General Requirements
· Chapter 3: Detailed requirements for the Preparation of an LSAR.
· Annex A. Contains the LSAR relational tables necessary for the development of a relational LSAR database.
· Annex B. Contains a description and the required format for each LSAR standard report.
· Annex C. Explains assignment of the key data elements: LSA Control Number (LCN), Alternate LCN Code (ALC), Usable On Code (UOC).
· Annex D. Contains guidance for tailoring of the LSAR Data.
· Annex E. Contains an LSAR Data Element Dictionary providing definitions for all data specified by Annex A.
Chapter 3, Annexes A,B and E establish requirements and can be included/referenced in contractual documents. Annexes C and D provide guidance for the implementation of LSAR data entry and program application of the LSAR. The main annexes for this course are Annex A and C.
LSA data is generated in all phases of the system/equipment life cycle and is used as input to follow-on analyses and as an aid in developing logistics products.


Logistic Support Analysis Record Software: LSAR

Logistics Support Analysis Software: eLSA

Background and History
US DOD realised a need to store results of Logistic Support Analysis (LSA) in a single database.
They developed standards to create LSARs that provided a standardised method for compiling and storing logistic and logistic related data for a program.
The Australian Defence Force (ADF) began looking at using LSARs in the early 1990s.
They actually had copies of a MIL‑STD‑1388‑2A product called DILSA.
Australian Dept of Defence began looking at using LSARs in the early ‘90s with the establishment of the CAPLOG (Capital Logistics) project.
The CAPLOG project got serious about using LSARs and associated software apps in an attempt to truly apply the principles of Integrated Logistic Support (ILS).
The centre of the CAPLOG ‘hub’ was a MIL‑STD‑1388‑2B based LSAR.
The project selected Omega2B as the corporate application.
As the project matured, it was recognised that MIL‑STD‑1388‑2B in its current form would not fulfil the intended needs of the ADF for two main reasons:

  •  Legacy data needed to continue to be managed for some time (ended up being almost 15 years).
  •  The ADF wanted to use the LSAR ‘through life’. This meant continuous management of maintenance documentation and the configuration of significant items (Maintenance Managed Items).

As a result, AAP 5102.003 was developed (AAP stands for Australian Air Publication)
The ADF called their databases Weapon System Databases (WSDBs) as opposed to LSARs to highlight the difference between MIL‑STD‑1388‑2B and AAP 5102.003
Over time certain deficiencies were identified with AAP 5102.003 and these were addressed with the development of DEF(AUST)5692 (including an overhaul of MIL‑STD‑1388‑1A to become DEF(AUST)5691).


Weapon System Databases (WSDB)

Sep 012016

Training support

Training and Training Support
Training and training support includes all the considerations necessary to provide Service, Defence civilian, and contractor personnel with the skills necessary to:

  •  Acquire,
  •  Operate,
  •  Support, and
  •  Dispose of a materiel system.

What else is involved ?

  •  Training the client / operator / user
  •  Outputs from the design team (to training)
  •  Challenges?
  •  Ownership of the IP (training package)


A Training Concept
The training will result in a number of personnel that are capable of providing operator and maintainer training, and a number of personnel that are qualified to either operate or maintain the Capability. In general, the courses are required to cover the user, crew and maintainer requirements to enable the crews to transition from the current capability to the new Capability, and qualified maintainers to perform maintenance tasks in accordance with the maintenance concept

In accordance with this concept, the Contractor’s responsibilities include:

  • preparation for, and delivery of operator instructor training;
  • preparation for, and delivery of maintainer instructor training;
  • provision of assistance/supervision during training course conducted by trainee  instructors; and
  • delivery of data items.